Tools and resources
- Briefing on eCITES.
- Guidelines and specifications for Electronic Permit Information eXchange (EPIX) of CITES permits and certificates
National eCITES: current status
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the CITES Secretariat, UNEP or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
**Last updated on 16.06.2021. Based on oral communication by the CITES Secretariat; please contact [email protected] for any corrections/updates.**
Overview of eCITES governance, tools and implementation support
The Convention supports Parties that wish to automate their processes and use electronic information exchange are supported through three pillars:
Governance: The Convention, through its Working Groupon electronic Systems and Information Technology provides standards for eCITES implementation and ensures that Parties can take advantage of modern eBusiness approaches to implement the Convention.
Tools: The Working Group and the Secretariat publish standards and tools that support parties in the implementation and foster compatibility and information exchange of eCITES systems.
Implementation: The secretariat provides advisory services and capacity building to Parties. It works with a technology provider to provide Parties with low cost and off the shelf solutions such as the UNCTAD eCITES system.
eCITES Implementation Framework
The eCITES Implementation Framework provides national project managers with a best practice approach to plan and manage the automation of their CITES processes. A standard implementation approach using a tested framework greatly reduces eCITES project’s risks and costs and achieves improved results and synergies at the regional and global level. The Framework was developed by experienced project managers taking into account lessons learned from similar eGovernment projects around the world.
The eCITES Implementation Framework implements four pillars:
- Automation of the CITES permit issuance process in the Management Authorities, including electronic application of CITES permits; transparent and automated controls during inspection, approval and issuance of all permits; electronic payment of fees and electronic repository of all valid permits
- Electronic information exchange of CITES permits with customs authorities, automated risk assessment and targeted inspections for export, import and transit and coordinated border controls
- Automated generation of reports and statistics to monitor legality and sustainability of trade, including CITES annual trade reports
- Electronic exchange of CITES permit information between Government authorities of export, import and transit countries to prevent use of forged documents and establish end-to-end control of trade
Each pillar of the Framework is a sub-project with defined outcomes and benefits. Parties can implement eCITES pillars in a stepwise approach and according to its own readiness.
ASYCUDA eCITES: Cloud based electronic permitting by UNCTAD
The ASYCUDA eCITES system (previously referred to as “aCITES”) is an off-the-shelf software solution for electronic permit management and exchange. The system is jointly developed by the Secretariat and the UNCTAD ASYCUDA programme and implements the three main pillars of the eCITES Implementation Framework. Its development is governed by a joint MoU between the Secretariat and UNCTAD.
The ASYCUDA eCITES system can be implemented and maintained by a Management Authority as a stand-alone system or, if the national administration uses the ASYCUDA customs system, as a component of this Customs system.
To provide access to electronic Permit solutions for many of the 193 Parties that have low permit volumes, the Secretariat and UNCTAD have now developed the eCITES BaseSolution, a cloud-based release of the ASYCUDA eCITES system which provides electronic permit processing functionality to Parties while the technical infrastructure of the server is maintained by UNCTAD experts. The system is virtually maintenance free for the Management Authorities and does not require advanced technical expertise or IT systems.
Parties can implement the ASYCUDA eCITES can be implemented in the framework of a technical cooperation project with UNCTAD.
The CITES ePermitting Toolkit was developed by CITES Secretariat and the Working Group to support Parties in the implementation of electronic Permitting systems. The first version was presented on the CoP 15 (Doha 2010). The Annex of the CITES electronic toolkit was updated in 2013 to include new electronic permitting standards and norms developed by UN/CEFACT and WCO.
The first three chapters of the Toolkit provide background information on the use of electronic Business solutions for CITES permitting. Readers should be aware that since its drafting in 2009 eBusiness technologies and practices have considerably evolved and the topics in the three chapters do not reflect these changes.
The Annex of the Toolkit contains the normative part of the Toolkit. It provides a data model and the message specifications in UN/EDIFACT and XML format for electronic CITES permits. The message formats are given in the UN/CEFACT Core Component Library (CCL) standard (ISO 15000 suite of standards) and in the WCO Data Model standard.
The Schema for the electronic CITES permit (toolkit version 2) can be downloaded here. Parties can use the eCITES validation Web Portal to validate a CITES XML permit against the CITES Toolkit Version 2 XML Schema. The service is provided out of courtesy by GEFEG GmbH Germany.
The CITES Intersessional Working Group on electronic Systems and Information Technology (SC69 to SC70)
With decision 17.157 the CoP requests the Standing Committee to re-establish the CITES Working Group on electronic Systems and Information Technology. The Working Group was established on the 69th meeting of the Standing Committee (27 November – 02 December 2017, Geneva, Switzerland) with the following membership: Switzerland (Chair), Australia, Bahamas, Canada, China, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Japan, Kenya, Kuwait, Malaysia, Norway, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Switzerland, Thailand, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, and Viet Nam; and Associazione Piscicoltori Italiani, Environmental Investigation Agency, International Wood Products Association, Legal Atlas, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and United Nations Environment Programme.
The Working Group was chaired by, Mathias Loertscher, Head CITES MA Switzerland.
|20171129||1st meeting of the WG, 29 November 2017, Geneva, Switzerland|
|CITES Implementation Framework (presentation)|
|ASYCUDA eCITES (presentation)|
|Survey of Parties on implementation of electronic systems (presentation)|
|Members of the Working Group are also invited to attend the ASYCUDA eCITES side event during SC69 on 28.11.2017, 12:30 to 14:00 Room 6|
|20171213||email to members of the WG with minutes of last meeting and eCITES Implementation Framework for review|
|20180125||email to the members of the WG: approved eCITES Implementation Framework with draft recomendations for SC 70; concept paper on electronic signatures in CITES permits for comments.|
|20180303||email to the members of the WG: Recommendation on the electronic equvalent of signatures in electronic CITES permits|
|20180524||email to the members of the WG: Infomration and documents on electronic permit infomration exchange (EPIX)|
|20180625||EPIX documents added to the documents section|
|20181002||Meeting of the WG during SC70, Sochi, Russian Federation: agenda, presentation; The WG also discussed document SC70 Doc.37 on Physical endorsement of permits and certificates|
|20181004||Report of the Chair of the WG addendum and final decisions of the SC|
Workshop on Customs control of trade in CITES listed species: Trends, technologies and opportunities for improved trade and regulatory control - 29 to 31 May 2018, UK/Gibraltar
Organised by the UNCTAD Centre of Excellence and the Government of Switzerland with the support of the CITES Secretariat
The purpose of this Workshop is to foster the collaboration between the CITES Management Authorities and the Customs Administrations for improved control of trade in wildlife.
The Workshop promotes a common approach of the CITES Management Authorities and Customs Administrations based on modern and automated trade procedures and Customs clearance processes in line with the requirements of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement which came into force recently.
Participants will be familiarised with the specific integrated Customs border controls, automated and simplified procedures, new technologies and their use to improve the controls for trade in CITES listed species, in particular with regard to electronic information management and exchange.
The workshop will focus on the following main subjects:
- Trends and policy agendas in the Customs environment;
- Coordinated border controls - International recommendations and best practice
- Automated and simplified border control procedures;
- Risk-management systems and targeted inspections;
- CITES-related Customs clearance procedures in practice;
- Collaboration of Customs with other Government agencies (organizational and technical aspects); Single Window, platform for efficient import and export control procedures;
- Known obstacles for CITES integration into Customs control: HS nomenclature vs. CITES nomenclature; Definition and integration of CITES related non-tariff measures;
- Automation of the CITES permit process;
- ASYCUDA solution for electronic CITES permit management (ACITES)
The Workshop is open to interested decision makers and individual experts from CITES Management Authorities, Customs Administrations, logistics and transport operators and International Organizations.
For subscription to the Workshop please contact UNCTAD at [email protected]
Background doucment on modern Customs procedures for trade in CITES listed Species
Presentations and document from the workshop (zip, 4 June 2018)
UNCTAD eCITES: An off-the-shelf software solution for eCITES
The development of eCITES solutions is costly and involves the typical project risks associated with ICT development projects. As many CITES Management Authorities are still lacking automated systems the Secretariat worked with the UNCTAD ASYCUDA project to provide Management Authorities with the option to choose a readymade system for their eCITES project.
The UNCTAD eCITES system is an off-the-shelf software solution for Parties that want to implement eCITES. The system provides automation of all four pillars of the eCITES Implementation Framework. The eCITES system is built on the UNCTAD ASYCUDA technical platform, an electronic system used by nearly 100 customs organizations around the world to manage customs export and import control and clearance.
ASYCUDA eCITES is fully based on open, international standards for trade and electronic business defined inter alia by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the World Customs Organization (WCO), the United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). It is fully configurable to national legislation and workflows and can exchange standard based electronic messages with other systems such as the national Single Window or the customs data management system.
The software is provided free of charge and includes source code to develop national extensions. The system is implemented through a joint technical cooperation project between the country and UNCTAD. This project includes CITES management support, national adaptations, redesign of business processes, capacity building and initial operations support.
For the operation of the system two models are available. The system can be maintained in and by the implementing country. Alternatively the country can ask UNCTAD to host and maintain the national eCITES system in UNCTAD’s Centre of Excellence in Gibraltar.
List of resources relating to eCITES
Synopsis with regard to eCITES domain
CoP18 side-event documents
Summary and recommendations of the workshop on customs control of trade in CITES-listed species: Trends, technologies and opportunities for improved trade and regulatory control (23-25 May 2018, University of Gibraltar) (
|SC70 Inf. 8||EPIX onboarding: Simplifying the implementation of electronic permit information exchanges between Parties|
|SC70 Inf.9||Development of Electronic Permit Information Exchange (EPIX) for CITES|
|eCITES Implementation Framework||A Practitioners Guide to implement electronic CITES Permits|
|ASYCUDA eCITES||Programme of side event during SC69 on 28.11.2017, 12:30 to 14:00 Room 6|
|WG meeting agenda||Draft agenda for the 1st meeting of the Working Group on electronic Systems and Information Technology, 29.11.2017 18:00 to 19:20, Geneva, ICC, Room 5|
|SC69 Inf.1||Questionnaire on electronic systems and information technologies for CITES management (eCITES) (submitted by the Secretariat) and additional information provided by Parties|
|SC69 Doc.40||Report to the SC69|
The Convention establishes a system of Permits to regulate trade in endangered species listen in the three Appendices of the Convention. Article VI of the Convention focuses on permit requirements. Article VIII requires Parties to send permit information in their national reports on CITES trade to the Secretariat.
Provides detailed recommendations and specifications for CITES permits and certificates. It establishes the equivalent of paper and electronic permits, recommends business processes for permit issuance and exchange, use of international standards, authentication and signatures, data semantics and code lists. CoP Decision 15.54 encourages parties to use the CITES electronic permitting toolkit. Annex 2 of Resolution Conf. 12.3 (Rev. CoP17) provides several standard forms.
The CITES electronic permitting toolkit provides standards for electronic CITES permits, in particular data model and Schema for electronic CITES permits based on UN/CEFACT Core Component Library it’s mapping to the WCO Data Model. The CoP recommends Parties to apply to the toolkit. The toolkit can be downloaded as PDF.
Provides details on the preparation and submission of the annual national reports required in Article VIII. Urges parties to submit their reports in accordance with the Guidelines for the preparation and submission of CITES annual reports and the use of the CITES Toolkit
Describes structure, data elements, codes and the format of annual reports. As the information in an annual report is a subset of the data contained in the CITES permits this document also provides further specifications for data to be used in CITES permits.
Requests Parties to inform the Secretariat regarding planned and ongoing projects related to electronic systems for CITES trade.
Requests the Standing Committee to re-establish the Woking Group on Electronic Systems and Information technologies and provides the terms of reference for this group.
Requests the Standing Committee to monitor progress of implementation of electronic systems and the work of the Working Group and provide recommendations and suggestions for revision of Resolution Conf. 12.3 (Rev. CoP17) and Resolution Conf. 11.17 (Rev. CoP17) to the 18th meeting of the Conference of Parties as deemed necessary.
Requests the Secretariat to publish information on planned and ongoing projects of Parties on its website, to liaise with Management Authorities, donor agencies and other stakeholders and to provide capacity building and advisory services.
Briefing paper for decision makers; Summarizes eCITES tools and instruments. Available from the Secretariat.
Provides national project managers with a best practice approach to plan and manage the automation of their CITES processes. Available from the Secretariat; version reviewd by WG on electronic Systems and Information Technologies
UNCTAD eCITES software solution
An eCITES off-the-shelf software solution available to Parties.. UNCTAD makes the system available to Parties in the framework of a technical cooperation project. UNCTA eCITES provides full automation of all CITES permitting processes including automated risk management, electronic payment, Customs data exchange and electronic reporting.
Web portal to validate a CITES XML permit against the specification of the ePermitting toolkit. The portal will return a technical compliance assessment.