Transport guidelines - PACKER'S GUIDELINES Ps/2

Ps/2 – Fishes that would damage polythene bags
1. General welfare
1.1 Fishes should have priority over merchandise.
1.21 Only fishes in good health should be transported.
1.3 Fishes should not be sedated.
1.4 Only one fish should be transported in each compartment or container.
1.5 Fishes should be disturbed as little as possible.
1.6 Fishes that have become sick or that have been injured during transport should receive veterinary treatment as soon as possible and, if necessary, should be humanely destroyed. A record of any such occurrences should be kept.
1.7 Sick or dead fishes should be removed from containers, when feasible, and a record kept.
1.8 Fishes should not be contained for periods in excess of 36 hours, without the water being re-oxygenated and its temperature checked.
1.9 To avoid cross-infection, and for health and hygiene reasons, human contact with fishes should be avoided, and they should not be housed near foodstuffs or in places to which unauthorized persons have access.
1.10 No fish should be transported with radioactive material or other substances dangerous to health.
1.11 Containers should be secured to the aircraft, rail wagon, lorry or ship to avoid any possible movement, and should at all times be maintained in a horizontal position.
2. Advance arrangements for transport
2.1 All possible precautions should be taken in advance to ensure that fishes are not subjected to extremes of temperature. This would necessitate planning their movement with due regard to the climatic conditions natural to them, and to the conditions prevailing at their final destination, and also those that will be encountered during transport. Particular attention should be paid to the facilities at any intermediate stops at airports, etc.
2.2 When containers are to be re-used they should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before and after use, care being taken in the type of disinfectant used.
2.3 The estimated time of arrival should be notified in advance to the consignee, and also the route of the consignment. Adequate arrangements for its prompt collection at the final destination, and for any necessary movement at transit points, should be made in advance.
2.4 Should any delay in collection be anticipated, then advance arrangements should be made for the housing, feeding and care of the fishes.
2.5 Cash on delivery facilities should not be used.
3. Container
3.1 The container should be constructed of suitable gauge, rustproof metal and should be completely watertight. In certain circumstances, glassfibre containers would be more satisfactory.
3.2 The container should be designed to house one specimen only, or may be made up of a number of compartments, provided that the overall size is such that it may be handled without difficulty.
3.3 A well-fitting lid, extending to the full length and width of the container, and fitted with a secure fastening device, should be provided.
3.4 Oxygen bottles should be fitted at each end of the lid of the container, with taps to enable oxygen to be injected when necessary. However, airlines should be consulted regarding use of oxygen bottles and if unacceptable, alternative arrangements should be made for oxygenating.
3.5 Suitable lifting handles or gripper bars should be fitted and, in the case of very heavy fish or fishes, facilities for the attachment of crane slings and handling by fork-lift should also be provided.
4. Packing
4.1 The fish should be placed in the container with sufficient water to cover it completely. The container should be of a size which allows free movement, and so minimizes the risk of injury to the fish.
4.2 After fitting of the container lid, oxygen should be injected from the bottles provided.
4.3 If the species being transported requires a low temperature, ice should be added to the water as necessary.
5. Labelling and documentation
  Durable, waterproof labels should be provided as follows:
5.1 "LIVE FISH – DO NOT TIP OR DROP" on all sides and top.
5.2 "THIS WAY UP", with arrows indicating the top, on all sides. "TOXIC" or "POISONOUS" where applicable.
5.3 Consignor's and consignee's name, address and telephone number. Box numbers should not be used as the sole address.
5.4 Detailed list of contents: number of fishes; scientific name and common names used in the exporting and importing countries; whether fresh or saltwater species.
5.5 Temperature range required.
5.6 Date on which fishes were packed for transport.
5.7 Official stamp of carrier showing date of his receipt of consignment.
  Durable, waterproof means of containing the following documents and other essential information should be firmly attached to the container:
5.8 Duplicate of consignor's and consignee's name, address and telephone number.
5.9 Duplicate list of contents as in 5.4.
5.10 Copies of relevant export and import licences.
5.11 Copy of valid health certificate issued in accordance with the requirements of the importing country.
5.12 Duplicate information regarding temperature range required.
1 Exceptional circumstances may arise which justify departure from this recommendation.