Transport guidelines - PACKER'S GUIDELINES Av/2

Av/2 – Parrots, pigeons, passerines, near-passerines
1. General welfare
1.1 Birds should have priority over merchandise.
1.21 Only birds in good health should be transported.
1.31 Birds should not be sedated.
1.4 Birds should be transported in semi-darkness.
1.51 Birds of different species should not be transported in the same container.
1.6 Unless birds of the same species are known to be compatible with one another, they should not be transported in the same container.
1.7 Birds should be disturbed as little as possible.
1.8 Birds that have become sick, or that have been injured during transport, should receive veterinary treatment as soon as possible and, if necessary, should be humanely destroyed. A record of any such occurrences should be kept.
1.9 Sick or dead birds should be removed from containers, when feasible, and a record kept.
1.10 Any rest periods prescribed by a veterinarian should be complied with.
1.11 The frequency and type of feeding and watering natural to the birds should be adhered to during transport, and should be clearly specified on the labelling.
1.12 To avoid cross-infection, and for health and hygiene reasons, human contact with birds should be avoided, and they should not be housed near foodstuffs or in places to which unauthorized persons have access.
1.13 No bird should be transported with radioactive material or other substances dangerous to health.
1.14 Containers should be secured to the aircraft, rail wagon, lorry or ship to avoid any possible movement, and should at all times be maintained in a horizontal position.
2. Advance arrangements for transport
2.1 There should be an appropriate period for holding and conditioning of birds, prior to shipment.
2.2 All possible precautions should be taken in advance to ensure that birds are not subjected to extremes of temperature or to draughts. This would necessitate planning their movement with due regard to the climatic conditions natural to them, and to the conditions prevailing at their final destination, and also those that will be encountered during transport. Particular attention should be paid to the facilities at any intermediate stops at airports, etc.
2.3 When containers are to be re-used they should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before and after use.
2.4 The estimated time of arrival should be notified in advance to the consignee, and also the route of the consignment. Adequate arrangements for its prompt collection at the final destination, and for any necessary movement at transit points, should be made in advance.
2.5 Should any delay in collection be anticipated, then advance arrangements should be made for the housing, feeding and watering of the birds.
2.6 Cash on delivery facilities should not be used.
3. Container
3.1 The container should be constructed of wood, or of material of similar strength, and there should be an adequate framework to ensure that it is strong enough to house the birds and to withstand the handling involved during transport.
3.2 There should be no sharp edges or projections on the inside surfaces of the container.
3.3 If any wood preservative or paint is used on the container, care should be taken to ensure that this is not toxic or a skin irritant.
3.4 An additional floor of suitable mesh should be provided, above a removable, waterproof tray with a sufficient quantity of absorbent material.
3.5 The front should be of mesh or bars of suitable strength, and so designed that the birds are not able to come into contact with persons handling the containers.
3.6 A burlap or similar cover should be fitted to the front in such a manner that it may be removed when necessary, care being taken not to interfere with the ventilation.
3.7 There should be a sliding door of adequate size, constructed of similar material to the rest of the container, and provided with a secure fastening device, which is not accessible to the birds. A cloth sleeve or other device should be used to prevent escape.
3.8 Suitable perches should be fitted in such a way as to ensure that all the birds may perch in a natural position, with clear headroom and without their tail feathers touching the floor of the container. There should not, however, be room for attempted flight.
3.9 Separate flange-sided troughs for food and water, removable from the outside, and with provision for closing the trough access during removal, should be provided. It may be necessary, with some species, to provide a number of food troughs.
3.10 Nectar-eating birds should be provided with feeding bottles which should be fitted with the spouts projecting into the container, and should be accessible for replenishment purposes.
3.11 To ensure an adequate flow of air at all times, there should be additional ventilation by means of holes of suitable size in the walls of the container. These holes should be of a size which prevents the birds from coming into contact with persons handling the container. Care should be taken to avoid draughts, especially with tropical birds.
3.12 Suitable lifting handles or gripper bars should be fitted to all but the smallest box.
3.13 Spacer bars of adequate size should be fitted to all walls, roof and base of the container, to ensure that there is a free flow of air to the birds in the event of stacking or close stowing of cargo.
4. Labelling and documentation
  Durable, waterproof labels should be provided as follows:
4.1 "LIVE BIRDS – DO NOT TIP" on all sides and top.
4.2 "THIS WAY UP", with arrows indicating the top, on all sides.
4.3 Consignor's and consignee's name, address and telephone number. Box numbers should not be used as the sole address.
4.4 Detailed list of contents: number of birds; scientific name and common names used in the exporting and importing countries.
4.5 Temperature range required.
4.6 Required diet, and feeding and watering instructions.
4.7 Date on which birds were crated for transport.
4.8 Official stamp of carrier showing date of his receipt of consignment.
  Durable, waterproof means of containing the following documents and other essential information should be firmly attached to the container:
4.9 Duplicate of consignor's and consignee's name, address and telephone number.
4.10 Duplicate list of contents as in 4.4.
4.11 Copies of relevant export and import licences.
4.12 Copy of valid health certificate issued in accordance with the requirements of the importing country.
4.13 Duplicate information regarding temperature range, and feeding and watering.
1 Exceptional circumstances may arise which justify departure from this recommendation.