Reporting under the Convention

1. Parties' national reports

 

ANNUAL TRADE REPORT (deadline 31 October – subject to compliance procedures)

Article VIII, paragraph 7, of the Convention requires each Party to submit an annual report on its CITES trade, containing a summary of information on, inter alia, the number and type of permits and certificates granted, the States with which such trade occurred, the quantities and types of specimens, and the names of species as included in Appendices I, II and III.

In a number of countries, annual reports are among various outputs from a national information management system that records and tracks daily trade-related and other activities undertaken by CITES authorities. Such record-keeping and reports assist national policy-makers in defining, implementing and assessing their wildlife management and trade policies.

Resolution Conf. 11.17 (Rev. CoP16) on National reports recognizes the ‘importance of the annual reports and biennial reports as the only available means of monitoring the implementation of the Convention and the level of international trade in specimens of species included in the Appendices’. The annual reports fed into the database maintained for the Secretariat by UNEP-WCMC provide the basis for comparative trade analysis, the Review of Significant Trade, quota management, identification of Parties with high trade volumes under the National Legislation Project, reports to various fora and overall compliance with and enforcement of the Convention.

CITES trade data are available to everyone and accessible via the CITES trade database on the CITES website. Specific requests for information may also be directed to UNEP-WCMC.

Parties have agreed on:

a) A standard format for annual reports and guidelines for their preparation and submission (see Notification to the Parties No. 2011/019 of 17 February 2011);

b) A deadline for annual reports: 31 October of the year following the year for which the report was due [see Resolution Conf. 11.17 (Rev. CoP16)]; and

c) Measures for addressing persistent non-compliance with the obligation to submit annual reports [see Resolution Conf. 11.17 (Rev. CoP16)].

The Conference of the Parties instructed “the Standing Committee to determine, on the basis of reports presented by the Secretariat, which Parties have failed, for three consecutive years and without having provided adequate justification, to provide the annual reports required under Article VIII, paragraph 7 (a), of the Convention within the deadline (or any extended deadline) provided in the present Resolution”; and recommended “that Parties not authorize trade in specimens of CITES-listed species with any Party that the Standing Committee has determined has failed, for three consecutive years and without having provided adequate justification, to provide the annual reports required under Article VIII, paragraph 7 (a), of the Convention within the deadline (or any extended deadline) provided in the present Resolution”.

See the trade suspension page

 

ANNUAL ILLEGAL TRADE REPORT (deadline 31 October – NOT subject to compliance procedures)

At its 66th meeting, the Standing Committee adopted a new annual illegal trade report, based on the proposal in Annex 5 of document SC66 Doc. 30.2. The format of the new illegal trade report uses, as far as possible, terms consistent with those used in the Guidelines for the preparation and submission of CITES annual reports to ensure ease of completion and use by Parties. The new annual illegal trade report is mandatory, but not subject to compliance procedures. The Standing Committee noted that some of the information in the illegal trade report format might not be available from some Parties and requested that the guidance to Parties should indicate this. If Parties are unable to provide certain data, they should provide a rationale for its absence. The Standing Committee agreed that reporting on illegal trade in great apes should be part of the annual illegal trade report.

Data collected from the annual illegal trade report will not be publicly available in the same way as data from the annual legal trade report as it may relate to ongoing enforcement procedures. Unless otherwise specified by the reporting Party, data collected in the annual illegal trade report will be shared with the members of the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC).

The first annual illegal trade report based on the standard report format communicated to the Parties in Notification to the Parties No. 2016/007 of 5 February 2016) is due by 31 October 2017, covering data from 2016.

 

BIENNIAL REPORT, now known as IMPLEMENTATION REPORT (deadline 31 October of the year before the CoP – NOT subject to compliance procedures)

Article VIII, paragraph 7, of the Convention also requires each Party to submit a biennial report on legislative, regulatory and administrative measures taken to enforce the Convention.

Biennial reports, now known as implementation reports, provide an opportunity for Parties to share information regarding their overall implementation of the Convention, including their progress in the development and application of laws and regulations, administrative procedures, economic and social incentives and wildlife trade policies. Such reports may contain summaries of national compliance and enforcement efforts (e.g. awareness-raising, training, monitoring, inspections, investigations, seizures, confiscations, prosecutions, convictions, penalties, court decisions, etc.).

At the national level, implementation reports serve as a tool for self-assessment through which Parties can identify achievements, significant developments or trends, gaps or problems and possible solutions. At the international level, the comparison and synthesis of information in implementation reports can support substantive and procedural decision-making by the Conference of the Parties and various subsidiary bodies.

Parties have agreed on:

a) standard format for implementation reports (see Notification to the Parties No. 2016/006 of 05 February 2016); and

b) A deadline for implementation reports: 31 October of the year before each meeting of the Conference of the Parties [see Resolution Conf. 11.17 (Rev. CoP16)].

To reflect the three year cycle between meetings of the Conference of the Parties, the implementation report covering 2015-2017 will be due on 31 October 2018, about one year before the 18th meeting of the Conference of the Parties in 2019.

Subject to the availability of external funds, the Secretariat will make a version of the implementation report available using the CITES Online Reporting System by 31 October 2017 (at least a year in advance of the deadline set for submission of reports to the 18th Conference of the Parties).

Data from the implementation reports will be used measure progress with the CITES Strategic Vision 2008-2020. See Revised set of indicators to measure progress with the CITES Strategic Vision 2008-2020 adopted at the 66th meeting of the Standing Committee.

The CITES Strategic Vision objectives have also been mapped against the Aichi Biodiversity Targets established in the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. See Revised mapping of the CITES Strategic Vision 2008-2020 objectives and the Aichi Targets in the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 adopted at the 66th meeting of the Standing Committee.

 

2. Review of reporting requirements

The CITES Secretariat maintains an UPDATED LIST OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS (as amended following SC66).

For species-specific reporting, the Standing Committee adopted a template and a set of guidance (see Notification to the Parties No. 2016/004 of 05 February 2016).

 

3. Parties' national reports on ranching operations

In Resolution Conf. 11.16 (Rev. CoP15) (Ranching and trade in ranched specimens of species transferred from Appendix I to Appendix II), the Conference of the Parties decided that the term ‘ranching’ meant the rearing in a controlled environment of specimens taken from the wild.

In the context of CITES, this term is used mainly in relation to populations of Appendix-I species of animals that are no longer endangered and that are transferred to Appendix II in accordance with this Resolution so that they may benefit from this form of management. Ranched species currently include only crocodilians, primarily ranched for their skins.

The Conference of the Parties recommends in the same Resolution that annual reports on all relevant aspects of each approved ranching operation be submitted to the Secretariat by the Party concerned, and include any new information on the following:

i)     the status of the wild population concerned;

ii)    the number of specimens (eggs, young or adults) taken annually from the wild;

iii)   an estimate of the percentage of the production of the wild population that is taken for the ranching operation;

iv)   the number of animals released and their survival rates estimated on the basis of surveys and tagging programmes, if any;

v)    the mortality rate in captivity and causes of such mortality;

vi)   production, sales and exports of products; and

vii)  conservation programmes and scientific experiments carried out in relation to the ranching operation or the wild population concerned.

The table below shows the Parties concerned and the reports received.

Party Species ranched Ranching operation reports Date received Language
Argentina Caiman latirostris report July 2006 English & Spanish
Botswana Crocodylus niloticus none received - -
Cuba Crocodylus acutus none received - -
Ecuador Melanosuchus niger none received - -
Ethiopia Crocodylus niloticus report July 2011 English
Indonesia Crocodylus porosus report of population survey July 2006 English
wild crocodile harvest
Kenya Crocodylus niloticus report May 2006 English
Madagascar Crocodylus niloticus report September 2008 French
Malawi Crocodylus niloticus report May 2010 English
Mozambique Crocodylus niloticus none received - -
South Africa Crocodylus niloticus none received - -
Uganda Crocodylus niloticus none received - -
Zambia Crocodylus niloticus report June 2006 English
Zimbabwe Crocodylus niloticus report May 2006 English