Introduction: Parties of ‘primary concern’

The identification as Party of ‘primary concern’ with regard to a country’s role as source, transit or destination country of illegally traded ivory is based on ETIS analyses submitted to each meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES, in line with Resolution Conf. 10.10 on Trade in elephant specimens. In accordance with Step 1 of the Guidelines to the NIAP Process contained in Annex 3 to Resolution Conf. 10.10 (Rev. CoP17), the recommendation to develop a NIAP is made by the CITES Standing Committee. There is a presumption that Parties of 'primary concern' participate in the NIAP Process. 

Prior to the 17th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (CoP17, Johannesburg, September 2016), the Secretariat did not have a mandate to make the NIAPs of Parties of ‘primary concern’ available publicly. The Conference of the Parties at CoP17 adopted Decision 17.79, directing the Secretariat to make all NIAPs and progress reports publicly available on the CITES NIAP webpage. The NIAPs of all Parties of 'primary concern' received after CoP17 are available on this webpage.