Tools and Training materials

This page is under construction. From here you can access tools and training materials used by the MIKE programme. Click on the links below or on the sidebar on the left.

MIKE Reporting Guidelines and procedures

The MIKE programme relies primarily on two types of data: information on elephant carcasses encountered by law enforcement patrols or other means, and information on levels of law enforcement effort. The MIKE Guidelines and Procedures (also available in French) describes the current requirements for reporting of elephant mortalities and patrol effort to MIKE, using either the spreadhseet-based MIKE Workbook (also available in French) or SMART (Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool). The SMART software, which is free and largely open source, can be downloaded here. Training resources for SMART can be found here.

Reporting elephant mortality data to MIKE requires correct determination of the cause of death, age, sex, decomposition stage and other details for each elephant carcass encoutered in and around MIKE sites. In order to facilitate the determination of these parameters, elephant carcass investigation guidelines have been developed.

Site-level law enforcement capacity assessments

The MIKE programme has designed a law enforcement capacity assessment designed to help participating range States and sites to better understand the status of their wildlife law enforcement efforts, pinpoint key areas where investments and projects could potentially be targeted, and monitor progress in strengthening wildlife law enforcement capacity. The MIKE Site-level LE Capacity Assessment is designed to be undertaken as a self-assessment by staff working at the participating MIKE site and/or at headquarters. The assessment is organized into a series of law enforcement pillars, with a set of benchmarks designed to measure law enforcement capacity under each pillar. The assessment exercise is best completed by a lead person, assisted where possible by specialists in the different law enforcement pillars. The MIKE site-level law enforcement capacity assessment form can be found here.

Elephant population data and survey standards

Elephant population data are critical for estimating the scale of poaching as well as for triangulating the results of MIKE. Although MIKE is no longer directly involved in conducting elephant population surveys, the MIKE programme recommends that population surveys should be conducted at every site at most every 3-5 years following the MIKE programme's population survey standards.

For savanna sites where aerial surveys are feasible, the aerial survey standards for the MIKE programme (version 2.0, 2012) should be followed.

For forested sites where there is limited or no ground visibility from the air, the MIKE programme developed its dung survey standards. These standards can be challenging and costly to implement, especially in large forested sites of 5000 km² or more. The MIKE programme would welcome efforts from appropriate research institutions and donors interested in developing a more practical standard for large forested sites.

African elephant population data for MIKE is maintained by the African Elephant Database of the IUCN/SSC African Elephant Specialist Group. No similar facility exists for Asian elephants at present.

Elephant population surveys, whether in forests or in savanna, are complex and costly to conduct. Few countries in Africa have the capacity and resources to conduct such surveys regularly, and external funding for such surveys is always needed.

Addition of new MIKE sites

Through external funding, the MIKE programme operates in over 50 sites in Africa and 25 sites in Asia. Although no resources are available to support additional sites, there is demand for elephant range States to add new sites to the MIKE system. A process has been put in place for elephant range States that have suitable conservation areas with elephant populations that are not already MIKE sites to nominate these areas for inclusion as new MIKE sites on a voluntary basis. Details of this process and an application form can be found here.