The emphasis of ICCWC’s approach is on building long-term capacity among national agencies responsible for wildlife law enforcement, and to provide these authorities with the tools and services that they need to combat wildlife crime effectively. Since its creation the important role of ICCWC has been widely recognized.
The Consortium uses a light administrative model, with ICCWC partners leading on key initiatives. The ICCWC Strategic Mission 2014-2016 details the focus areas and strategies of the consortium, and provides a guiding framework for ICCWC activities. Building on its Strategic Mission, ICCWC will be launching in coming months its Strategic Programme for 2016-2020, the Consortium’s targeted strategy to combat the illegal trafficking in wildlife in a comprehensive and coordinated manner for coming years.
Each of the international organizations involved in ICCWC offers specialized expertise that can support national enforcement agencies and sub-regional and regional enforcement networks. Several of the organizations have already developed close working relationships on a bilateral or trilateral basis. However, before the concept of ICCWC, the five organizations had not worked in unison.
All organizations have extensive experience of providing technical assistance, and some have country or regional offices and bureaus that already work on-the-ground alongside national law enforcement agencies. Each, in its own way, has engaged in extensive research into crime and effective ways of combating crime. They have an overview of crime and smuggling that is simply not available elsewhere.
The organizations forming ICCWC have extensive experience in developing and delivering comprehensive training and capacity-building packages for law enforcement officers, at sub-regional and regional levels. Several have communication channels that allow real-time dissemination of intelligence to help national enforcement bodies in their risk-assessment, targeting and profiling activities and to facilitate investigations in different countries. They have experience in coordinating multi-national operations targeting illegal trade and smuggling.
In the mid- to longer-term, ICCWC is uniquely placed to successfully develop programmes to
- enhance awareness of wildlife crime;
- provide institutional analysis and support;
- build capacity of national institutions, sub-regional and regional enforcement organizations, taking into consideration the whole range of investigative and prosecutorial techniques;
- foster coordinated enforcement actions;
- support analytic reviews, especially through the ICCWC Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit;
- mainstream wildlife crime across relevant national agencies;
- promote natural resource management and development;
- understand and address drivers of wildlife crime; and
- address the drivers of wildlife crime to reduce demand.