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CITES shark listings capacity building efforts recognised by UN General Assembly
in annual resolution on Sustainable Fisheries
Geneva, 15 December 2015 - The resolution on Sustainable Fisheries1 (A/70/L.19) adopted unanimously on 8 December by the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly reflects CITES role in sustainable fisheries, including, for the first time the capacity building activities of the CITES Secretariat and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to assist Parties with the implementation of the 2013 CITES shark listings.
Discussed under the Agenda item "Oceans and Law of the Sea", together with its sister resolution of that title, the 200+ paragraph resolution presents an annual opportunity for member states to discuss all things related to sustainable fisheries and reflect them accordingly.
“The Parties to CITES are making concerted efforts to effectively implement the 2013 CITES listings of sharks and manta rays, and this has been complemented by a global collective effort to support implementation that is unprecedented in the 40-year history of the Convention” said CITES Secretary General, John E. Scanlon.
The inclusion of CITES contributions to Sustainable Fisheries, including for the first time capacity building activities, in this UN General Assembly resolution comes as a consequence of greatly increased engagement with the fisheries sector since the 2013 listing of 5 species of sharks and all species of manta ray on Appendix II of CITES, which entered into force 14 September 2014 (Notification No. 2014/042). It also echoes the acknowledgement by CITES Parties of activities to support the implementation of CITES listings for commercially exploited marine species at AC 28 earlier this year, where conference participants spoke of "unprecedented progress" having been made.
To assist Parties, especially developing countries, with the implementation of the new listings, CITES and FAO have conducted numerous targeted regional and national capacity developing activities since 2013. These activities are based on the capacity needs communicated by CITES Parties and builds on the existing expertise of FAO and Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (RFMOs)
Examples of such activities include assessment of capacity building needs in key-shark fishing nations (Summary), national legislative support, helping with the development or implementation of National Plans of Actions for Sharks, commissioning of studies on the traceability of shark products in trade, developing tools for species identification, developing training material and support for data collection and the making of non-detriment findings (NDFs). For a detailed overview please visit the CITES shark portal.
Many of these activities have taken or are taking place under the framework of the European Union-CITES Project “Strengthening capacity in developing countries for sustainable wildlife management and enhanced implementation of CITES wildlife trade regulations, with particular focus on commercially exploited aquatic species”, and in close collaboration with the FAO.
“In 1975 no shark or ray species were listed under CITES. Today, CITES has eight species of sharks and all manta rays under CITES trade controls, as well as all sawfishes, indicating the growing level of interest of Parties in making best use of this pragmatic and effective convention in helping countries to achieve sustainable fisheries” concluded Scanlon.
- The UNGA draft resolution as adopted (A/70/L.19) - also available in French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, Chinese.
- CITES Sharks and Rays portal
- FAO Fisheries
- CITES conference takes decisive action to halt decline of tropical timber, sharks, manta rays and a wide range of other plants and animals
- CITES at 40 Marks a Major Decision Point for Sharks, Trees, Snakes, Turtles and other Wildlife Species
- CITES Secretary General's intervention at the 14th Session of the FAO Committee on Fisheries Sub-Committee on Fish Trade
- Remarks by John Scanlon, Secretary-General of CITES made during the 29th session of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Committee on Fisheries (COFI)
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With 181 Parties, CITES remains one of the world's most powerful tools for biodiversity conservation through the regulation of trade in wild fauna and flora. Thousands of species are internationally traded and used by people in their daily lives for food, housing, health care, ecotourism, cosmetics or fashion.
CITES regulates international trade in over 35,000 species of plants and animals, including their products and derivatives, ensuring their survival in the wild with benefits for the livelihoods of local people and the global environment. The CITES permit system seeks to ensure that international trade in listed species is sustainable, legal and traceable.
CITES was signed in Washington D.C. on 3 March 1973 and entered into force on 1 July 1975.
Learn more about CITES by visiting www.cites.org or connecting to:
1 "Sustainable fisheries, including through the 1995 Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, and related instruments "