John E. Scanlon, CITES Secretary-General
19 June 2015
Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Interior, Sally Jewell
Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Dan Ashe
New York State Senator, Brad Hoylman.
Representatives from the:
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.
Wildlife Conservation Society.
Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen,
I would like to express my sincere thanks to the Government of the United States of America for inviting me to witness the destruction of more than one ton of confiscated elephant ivory today and I regret that I am unable to make it to New York in person.
This is the second public destruction of confiscated elephant ivory in the U.S., following the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service crush of 6 tons of confiscated ivory in Denver, Colorado, on November 14, 2013.
Over the past 24 months we have also seen Belgium, Chad, China, the Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, France, Gabon, Hong Kong SAR China, Kenya, the Philippines, and the United Arab Emirates, all destroy stockpiles of illegally traded elephant ivory that has been seized and confiscated.
Today’s important event at such a well-known landmark as Times Square in New York serves to raise further national and global awareness about the devastating impacts of illegal trade in elephant ivory and the ongoing determination of the U.S. and the global community to put an end to it.
Despite considerable efforts to combat wildlife crime, it continues to be a major problem worldwide. The poaching of African elephants and the illegal trade in their ivory continues to be driven by transnational organized criminals and, in some cases, rebel militia at an industrial scale and it is one of the most destructive forms of wildlife crime.
It is not only having a devastating impact on the African elephant, but also poses a threat to people and their livelihoods – as well as national economies and in some cases national and regional security.
It must stop and the international community is demonstrating an increasing determination to end this illicit trade.
Distinguished guests, the destruction of confiscated elephant ivory in New York today will not in itself put an end to the illegal trade in elephant ivory.
It is, however, ensuring that no one will ever profit from this contraband and, when coupled with the seizure of ivory and the prosecution and conviction of offenders, it sends a powerful message that the U.S. does not and will not tolerate this illegal trade.
The enhanced collective effort that is underway to combat illegal trade in wildlife – both at international and national level – is a clear evidence that illegal trade in elephant ivory is increasingly being recognized by States as a serious crime, which now carries a much higher risk of detection, prosecution and conviction in a growing number of countries – with tougher penalties, including higher fines, longer prison terms and the confiscation of assets derived from this illegal activity.
The U.S. takes strong measures to enforce its laws against illegal trade in wildlife and we are seeing increasing levels of prosecutions and convictions, such as through Operation Crash. Today’s event provides a very public opportunity to warn those people who trade illegally in elephant ivory that the age and origin of their contraband can now be readily identified through the use of modern forensics making prosecution and conviction much more likely.
Further, the availability of modern forensics means that whatever may happen in the future, illegally traded elephant ivory will never have any commercial value and the return on the ‘investment’ will most likely be imprisonment, heavy fines, and seized assets.
The plenipotentiary conference that adopted CITES back in 1973 was hosted by the U.S. Government and the U.S. was the first State to sign and ratify the Convention. We are most encouraged by the measures being taken by the U.S. to combat this highly destructive illegal trade, which are contained in President Obama’s National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking (2014) and the related implementation plan.
These measures are designed not only to further strengthen U.S. enforcement efforts domestically but also to improve its collaboration with elephant range States, as well as with transit and other destination countries, to stop illegal trade in elephant ivory and other wildlife. These measures include the joint commitments made at meetings of the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue in 2013 and 2014 and we note the 7th meeting of the Dialogue will be held next week in Washington, D.C.
Distinguished guests, what was recognized at the 16th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES in Bangkok in 2013 is even more relevant today: reversing the disturbing trends in elephant poaching and ivory smuggling requires a sustained and collective international effort that addresses both demand and supply.
Today’s event will attract global, regional, national and local attention and should serve to raise further public awareness about the devastating impacts of illegal trade in elephant ivory trade and other forms of wildlife trafficking, and about the global community’s collective determination to put an end to it.
Note for readers:
The guidance provided by CITES Resolutions is that the illegally traded and confiscated elephant ivory should be restricted to four uses only, namely, ‘bona fide scientific, educational, enforcement or identification purposes’. Where this is not practicable, two options are provided by the Resolution, namely to save the specimens in storage or to destroy them.
The Secretary-General does not encourage or discourage countries (as States Parties to CITES) to choose one option or the other. This is a matter for each country to determine for itself.
However, when a country, such as the United States, takes a decision to publicly destroy its confiscated stockpiles of elephant ivory, the Secretary-General regards it as presenting a unique opportunity to draw public attention to the scale, nature and impacts of the serious crimes that lie behind these confiscations and to act as a deterrent to illegal trade.
This recognition of wildlife crime as a serious crime gained further momentum thought the recently adopted Doha Declaration at the 2015 UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (see: ‘Calls for wildlife and forest crime to be treated as serious crime’).
For more see:
- CITES Secretariat welcomes President Obama’s Executive Order on Combating Wildlife Trafficking
- US Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing
- Secretary Clinton's 'Call for Action' on illicit wildlife trade
- U.S. National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking
- Implementation Plan for the U.S. National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking
- Highlights from Implementing the U.S. National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking
- Wildlife Service – Wildlife Trafficking
- ‘CITES and confiscated elephant ivory and rhino horn – to destroy or not destroy?’ John E. Scanlon, October, 2014
- CITES CoP16, Bangkok 2013: A ‘Watershed Moment' for Combating Wildlife Crime
- CITES Secretary-General's remarks to the first destruction of confiscated elephant ivory in the United Arab Emirates
- CITES Secretary-General's remarks at the destruction of confiscated rhino horn in the Czech Republic
- CITES Secretary-General's remarks at the first destruction of confiscated elephant ivory in Hong Kong SAR, China
- CITES Secretary-General’s statement at an event to crush confiscated elephant ivory in Dongguan, China