Meeting of all African Range States results in agreement on key priorities for iconic African carnivore species

Updated on 11 July 2023


Geneva / Bonn, 30 June 2023 – African Range States of the African Lion (Panthera leo), Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), Leopard (Panthera pardus) and African Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus) met from 1 – 4 May in Uganda and agreed on a set of key priorities for the urgent conservation and sustainable management of these four carnivore species. The meeting was convened jointly by the Secretariats of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) under the African Carnivores Initiative (ACI). 

ACI2 Colonel ButimeData from the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species confirms decreasing population trends for all four species. Populations of the four carnivore species are increasingly threatened by habitat degradation and fragmentation, land use conversion, illegal trade and illegal or incidental killing.

In their second meeting to date, ACI Range States of one or more of the four species agreed on conservation priorities that included:

  • Strengthening policies and actions to enhance human-carnivore co-existence
  • Promoting partnerships between the ACI Range States and within the global conservation community
  • Improving information and tools available to Range States (by enhancing data management processes associated with the African Lion Database; developing Lion, Leopard and African Wild Dog resource kits based on the Cheetah Trade Resource Kit, and providing advice to Range States on the development of infectious disease management plans for ACI species populations)
  • Securing funding for the implementation of the ACI Programme of Work

Species-specific priorities:

The ACI Programme of Work fosters synergies of conservation and management activities of the species and is aligned with Resolutions and Decisions of the Conferences of Parties (COP) of both CITES and CMS.

In a joint mandate to conserve ACI-covered species, the two global multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) address wildlife conservation challenges collaboratively through unique and complementary approaches. CMS focuses on conserving migratory animals and preserving and restoring areas that they use during their life cycles, while CITES regulates their international trade to ensure the sustainability, legality and traceability of such trade.

In her opening remarks at the meeting, CMS Executive Secretary Amy Fraenkel said: The Joint CITES-CMS African Carnivores Initiative is an excellent example of how the only two global species-based conventions can work together to complement each other and add value to the work of each Convention.”  

CITES Secretary-General Ivonne Higuero said: “It is encouraging to see collective action, collaboration and commitment by Range States, other Parties and partners. Collaboration will be essential to achieving not only the objectives of the ACI, but also the targets in the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, namely Targets 4, 5 and 9 which focus on effective human-wildlife coexistence, sustainable wildlife management and use, and ensuring social, economic and environmental benefits for people, especially those most vulnerable and most dependent on biodiversity. The means to implement the ACI priorities agreed upon at this meeting require the consideration of innovative sustainable financing and leveraging support from a variety of sources, including the private sector.”

Outcomes to address illegal trade in big cats from the CITES Big Cats Task Force meeting held in Entebbe 24 – 28 April 2023 will also contribute to ACI Objective 7 to minimize illegal trade and incidental or illegal killing of ACI-covered species.

The ACI is implemented by Range States with support provided by CITES and CMS in collaboration with experts from the Cat Specialist Group and the Canid Specialist Group of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

The Second Meeting of Range States of the Joint CITES - CMS African Carnivores Initiative (ACI) was hosted by the Republic of Uganda and convened by the Secretariats of CITES and the CMS. It was organized thanks to the generous support provided by the European Union, Switzerland, the Federal Government of Belgium and the Flemish Government.

ACI2 group photo


Editor’s Notes:

This article was published as a joint press release with the Convention of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)


  • Cheetah © Jim Zuckerman; African Wild Dog © John Birch; Leopard and Lion © Jacques-Andre Dupont
  • Honourable Colonel Tom Butime, Ugandan Minister of Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities

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More information on the Joint CITES - CMS African Carnivores Initiative meetings:


About CITES - the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CITES is a legally binding multilateral agreement of 184 Parties, that regulates international trade in more than 40,900 species of wild plants and animals, including their parts and derivatives. Its purpose is to ensure that this trade is legal, sustainable, and traceable.

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About CMS – Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

As an environmental treaty of the United Nations, CMS provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.

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African Carnivores Initiative | CMS

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