18.197 - 18.202 Eels (Anguilla spp.)

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18.197

Decision directed to: Parties

Range States of European eel (Anguilla anguilla) are encouraged to:

a) submit any non-detriment finding studies on European eel they have undertaken to the Secretariat for inclusion on the CITES website; explore the different approaches that might be taken for making non-detriment findings for European eels traded as fingerlings (FIG) compared with those traded as other live eels (LIV); collaborate and share information with other Parties regarding such studies and their outcome, especially where the Parties share catchments or water bodies; seek review and advice from the Animals Committee or other suitable body on any non-detriment findings for European eels where appropriate;

b) develop and/or implement adaptive European eel management plans at national or sub-national (or catchment) level, with defined and time-bound goals, and enhance collaboration within countries between authorities and other stakeholders with responsibilities for eel management, and between countries where water bodies or catchments are shared;

c) share information on stock assessments, harvests, the results of monitoring and other relevant data with the Joint Working Group on Eels (WGEEL) of the European Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Advisory Commission, the International Council for the Exploration of the Seas and the Central Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (EIFAAC/ICES/GFCM), so that a full and complete picture of the state of the European eel stock can be established;

d) develop measures or implement more effectively existing measures to improve the traceability of eels in trade (both live and dead);

e) provide the Secretariat with information regarding any changes to measures they have in place to restrict the trade in live ‘glass’ or fingerling European eels; and

f) provide information to the Secretariat on the implementation of this Decision to allow it to report to the Animals Committee and Standing Committee, as appropriate.

18.198

Decision directed to: Parties

Range States of non-CITES Anguilla spp. in international trade are encouraged to:

a) where appropriate, implement conservation and management measures, such as adaptive eel management plans, enhanced collaboration within countries, between authorities and other stakeholders with responsibilities for eel management, and related legislation to ensure the sustainability of harvests and international trade in
Anguilla spp. and make these widely available;

b) collaborate and cooperate with other range States on shared stocks of
Anguilla spp. to develop shared objectives for these stocks and their management, improve the understanding of the biology of the species, conduct joint programmes of work and share knowledge and experience;

c) establish monitoring programmes and develop abundance indices in range States where none exist. For ongoing programmes, identifying opportunities for expanding to new locations and/or live stages would be favourable;

d) improve traceability of
Anguilla spp. in trade (both live and dead); and

e) provide information to the Secretariat on the implementation of this Decision to allow it report to the Animals Committee and Standing Committee, as appropriate.

18.199

Decision directed to: Secretariat

The Secretariat shall:

a) prepare and submit a summary report on the implementation of Decisions 18.197 and 18.198 with draft recommendations to the Animals Committee and Standing Committee, as appropriate, for their consideration;

b) collate available information on the biology of
Anguilla anguilla in collaboration with experts, including the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Anguillid Specialist Group, with a view to determining whether the glass eel (fingerling) life stage can be considered to have a “low probability of surviving to adulthood”, and report its findings to the Animals Committee;

c) invite Parties, through a Notification, to submit information regarding current levels of, or emerging trends in, trade in specimens of
Anguilla spp;

d) subject to the availability of resources, commission a study to consider levels of trade and trade patterns, especially in live eels for aquaculture, and sources of supply, identify any disparities between these and make recommendations for the more effective future management of harvests and trade; and

e) prepare and submit a summary of the responses to the Notification and the study referred to in paragraph c) of this Decision, if available, with draft recommendations to the Animals Committee and Standing Committee as appropriate for their consideration.

18.200

Decision directed to: Animals Committee

The Animals Committee shall:

a) if requested, consider any reports submitted by Parties with respect to the making of non-detriment findings for trade in European eel and provide advice and guidance as needed;

b) review the report from the Secretariat on the biology of European eel (
Anguilla anguilla) prepared under Decision 18.199 paragraph b) and consider the potential use of source code R (ranching) for specimens of A. anguilla from aquaculture production systems, and provide advice and make recommendations to the Parties and the Standing Committee as appropriate;

c) review available information relating to the potential risks and benefits of reintroducing seized, live European eels (
Anguilla anguilla) to the wild and, if appropriate, provide advice on suitable protocols taking into account existing guidance and practices, for consideration at the 19th meeting of the Conference of the Parties; and

d) consider the progress reports provided by Parties and the report by the Secretariat with respect to Decisions 18.197, 18.198 and 18.199 and make any recommendations to the 19th meeting of the Conference of the Parties.

18.201

Decision directed to: Standing Committee

The Standing Committee shall:

a) consider the report prepared by the Secretariat and any other available information relating to illegal trade in European eel, including the case study by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on European eel trafficking as part of the 2nd World Wildlife Crime Report, and make recommendations as appropriate;

b) review any advice and recommendations coming from the Animals Committee concerning Decision 18.200 paragraphbd) and make recommendations as appropriate; and

c) with the assistance of the Secretariat, engage with the World Customs Organization to examine the feasibility of harmonizing customs codes relevant to trade in all
Anguilla species and report to the 19th meeting of the Conference of the Parties.

18.202

Decision directed to: Parties, Others

Donor Parties and other relevant organizations, including the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and others, are invited and encouraged to provide support to, and build capacity for, Anguilla range States for the purpose of implementing Decisions 18.197 and 18.198.