17.275 to 17.284 Snakes (Serpentes spp.)

17.275

Decision directed to: Parties

Directed to Southeast Asian Parties engaged in the snake trade 
Southeast Asian Parties engaged in the snake trade are recommended to:
a) verify the origin of specimens traded between countries in the region; and
b) ensure the appropriate use of source codes.


17.276

Decision directed to: Parties

Directed to Benin, Ghana, Honduras, Indonesia and Togo 
Benin, Ghana, Honduras, Indonesia and Togo are encouraged to undertake the following actions:
a) Honduras: to ensure that measures are in place to address poaching of, and illegal trade in, the Cayos Cochinos boa constrictor (Boa constrictor imperator);
b) Benin: to implement the following measures for the Ball python (Python regius):
i) design and implement a management programme for the species;
ii) make non-detriment findings based on studies of the species, basic demographics, harvest and trade in the species; and
iii) strengthen national regulations relating to trade control and monitoring, including stricter control policies for production systems.
c) Benin, Ghana and Togo: to implement the following measures for the Calabar ground boa (Calabaria reinhardtii):
i) make non-detriment findings based on studies of the species, basic demographics, harvest and trade in the species; and
ii) improve systems to monitor harvest, captive breeding, and trade in the species;
d) Indonesia: to improve enforcement of existing laws and take into account the recommendations provided in the document to more effectively regulate the collection of and trade in the populations of the wild green tree python (Morelia viridis) and the Boelen’s python (Morelia boeleni); and
e) Benin, Ghana, Honduras, Indonesia and Togo: to report to the Secretariat on the implementation of actions directed to them in this Decision, for transmission to, and review by the Animals Committee at one of its meetings between the 17th meeting and the 18th meeting of the Conference of the Parties and subsequent reporting by the Animals Committee to the Standing Committee.


17.277

Decision directed to: Parties

Parties are invited to consider undertaking the following actions:
a) range States, importing countries, and other Parties to conduct more detailed assessments of those species indicated in Table 1 of document AC28 Doc. 14.3, for which available information suggests that international trade is “likely to be a threat” (four species) or “may be a threat” (29 species);
b) range States:
i) to submit listing proposals for the four species categorized as “likely to be threatened by trade” and for the three species categorized as “may be threatened by trade” and have an IUCN status (CR, EN, VU), including: Euprepiophis perlacea, Enhydris longicauda, and Cryptelytrops rubeus; and
ii) to consider including the remaining species categorized as “may be threatened by trade” in the Appendices;
c) range States of Popeia buniana (Malaysia), Popeia nebularis (Malaysia), Cryptelytrops kanburiensis (Thailand and probably Myanmar) and Orthriophis moellendorfi (China and Viet Nam):
i) to assess whether existing legislation, protected areas and current levels of trade are compatible with the conservation of these species in the wild; and
ii) to evaluate the possible listing of these species under CITES (including Appendix III);
d) Parties and range States:
i) to compile more information on the exploitation levels (i.e. direct harvest and as by-catch) of freshwater and marine aquatic snakes subject to high volumes of international trade, including all species of Elapidae (Hydrophis spp., Kerilia spp., Lapemis spp., Laticauda spp., Thalassophina spp.) and Homalopsidae (Enhydris spp., Erpeton spp., Homalopsis spp.) indicated in Table 1 of document AC28 Doc. 14.3; and
ii) to evaluate the possible listing of these species under CITES (including Appendix III);
e) exporting countries and other Parties to put in place precautionary management measures, such as establishing closed areas or seasons, daily seasonal catch quotas, restricting the use of certain types of fishing gear or imposing size-limits, and improved domestic monitoring and reporting mechanisms for aquatic (freshwater and marine) snakes, including all Elapidae and Homalopsidae species indicated in Table 1 of document AC28 Doc. 14.3; and
f) Parties to encourage research to improve the understanding of the ecology, biology and conservation of Asian snakes, inter alia through supporting relevant scientific institutions and promoting additional field studies.


17.278

Decision directed to: Parties

Parties should eliminate the important illegal and unreported trade in specimens, whether live or parts and derivatives, of CITES-listed snake species by:
a) ensuring that CITES permits and certificates are properly issued for trade in these specimens;
b) including information on trade in these specimens in their CITES annual reports;
c) ensuring that their annual reports are following the most recent version of the Guidelines for the preparation and submission of CITES annual reports, in compliance with Resolution Conf. 11.17 (Rev. CoP17) on National reports;
d) examining their enforcement efforts regarding trade in these specimens to ensure that adequate steps are taken to deter and detect illegal and unreported trade;
e) undertaking education and outreach activities directed towards snake farms, buyers and sellers of live snakes, parts and derivatives, product manufacturers, shippers, brokers and staff from government agencies involved in controlling and monitoring this trade to ensure that snake specimens are traded in compliance with national laws and CITES provisions; and
f) in the case of Parties in Asia, reporting on their efforts in all of these areas to the Secretariat in time for its reporting at the 69th meeting of the Standing Committee.


17.279

Decision directed to: Animals Committee

The Animals Committee shall continue to review guidance on the making of non-detriment findings for the export of CITES-listed snakes, information from Benin, Ghana, Honduras, Indonesia and Togo provided in accordance with Decision 17.276 and new information on the trade in, and sustainable use and conservation of snakes, and make recommendations to the Standing Committee as appropriate.


17.280

Decision directed to: Standing Committee

The Standing Committee shall:
a) consider the reports and recommendations from the Animals Committee submitted in accordance with Decision 17.279 and any other relevant information;
b) make recommendation to the Parties, the Animals Committee and the Secretariat as appropriate; and
c) report on the implementation of Decision 17.279 at the 18th meeting of the Conference of the Parties with recommendations for consideration by the Parties, including revisions to Resolution Conf. 17.12 on Conservation, sustainable use of and trade in snakes, if deemed necessary.


17.281

Decision directed to: Secretariat

The Secretariat shall communicate bilaterally with relevant Asian Parties to invite them to report on the status of their implementation of Decision 17.278.


17.282

Decision directed to: Secretariat

The Secretariat shall make any relevant information on trade, sustainable use and conservation of snakes available to Parties and the Animals Committee through the CITES website.


17.283

Decision directed to: Secretariat

The Secretariat shall transmit the information provided by Benin, Ghana, Honduras, Indonesia and Togo in accordance with Decision 17.278 to the Animals Committee for consideration at one of its meetings between the 17th meeting and the 18th meeting of the Conference of the Parties.


17.284

Decision directed to: Secretariat

The CITES Secretariat shall, subject to external funding:
a) compile information and develop guidance that can assist Parties in the making of non-detriment findings, management systems for wild populations and the establishment of export quotas for Appendix-II snake species in trade;
b) conduct one or more interdisciplinary workshops for CITES authorities, and other relevant authorities and stakeholders, of range States of Asian snake species in international trade on:
i) the use of guidance for monitoring and controlling captive-breeding operations and other production systems; and
ii) the use of guidance for making non-detriment findings and establishing export quotas for Appendix-II snake species in trade; and
c) report on the results of these activities to the Animals Committee and the Standing Committee, as appropriate, before the 18th meeting of the Conference of the Parties.