Transport guidelines - PACKER'S GUIDELINES Inv/1

Inv/1 – Aquatic invertebrates
1. General welfare
1.1 Animals should have priority over merchandise.
1.2 Only animals in good health should be transported.
1.3 Animals should not be sedated.
1.4 Animals should be left undisturbed during transport.
1.5 No feeding should be necessary during transport.
1.6 To avoid cross-infection, and for health and hygiene reasons, human contact with animals should be avoided. Should it be necessary, in an emergency, to handle them, then the hands should be thoroughly washed immediately afterwards, as the skins of some species are toxic.
1.7 Animals should not be housed near foodstuffs.
1.8 No animal should be transported with radioactive material or other substances dangerous to health.
1.9 Containers should be secured to the aircraft, rail wagon, lorry or ship to avoid any possible movement, and should at all times be maintained in a horizontal position.
2. Advance arrangements for transport
2.1 All possible precautions should be taken in advance to ensure that animals are kept within the temperature range stated on the labelling. This would necessitate planning their movement with due regard to the climatic conditions natural to them, and to the conditions prevailing at their final destination, and also those that will be encountered during transport. Particular attention should be paid to the facilities at any intermediate stops at airports, etc.
2.2 Any bags or other packing material should be destroyed after use; when containers are to be re-used they should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before and after use.
2.3 The estimated time of arrival should be notified in advance to the consignee, and also the route of the consignment. Adequate arrangements for its prompt collection at the final destination, and for any necessary movement at transit points, should be made in advance.
2.4 Should any delay in collection be anticipated, then advance arrangements should be made for the housing of the animals.
2.5 Cash on delivery facilities should not be used.
3. Container
3.1 The container should be constructed of wood, or material of similar strength, and should be strong enough to house the animals, and to withstand the handling involved during transport.
3.2 The container may comprise a number of separate compartments, provided that the overall size is such that it may be handled without difficulty.
3.3 There should be an inner container constructed of high density expanded polystyrene, in order to provide the necessary heat insulation.
3.4 The inner container should have a well fitting lid.
3.5 As access to the animals is not normally necessary, the outer container should be securely banded or taped.
4. Packing
4.1 Animals should be packed in polythene bags containing one third water and two thirds pure oxygen. The bags should be sealed and placed in a second polythene bag, which should also be sealed.
4.2 Undue overcrowding of the animals should be avoided.
5. Labelling and documentation
  Durable, waterproof labels should be provided as follows:
5.1 "LIVE ANIMALS – DO NOT TIP", "TOXIC" or "POISONOUS" where applicable, on all sides and top.
5.2 "THIS WAY UP", with arrows indicating the top, on all sides.
5.3 Consignor's and consignee's name, address and telephone number. Box numbers should not be used as the sole address.
5.4 Detailed list of contents: number of animals; scientific name and common names used in the exporting and importing countries; whether fresh or saltwater species.
5.5 Temperature range required.
5.6 Date on which animals were packed for transport.
5.7 Official stamp of carrier showing date of his receipt of consignment.
  Durable, waterproof means of containing the following documents and other essential information should be firmly attached to the container:
5.8 Duplicate of consignor's and consignee's name, address and telephone number.
5.9 Duplicate list of contents as in 5.4.
5.10 Copies of relevant export and import licences.
5.11 Copy of valid health certificate issued in accordance with the requirements of the importing country.
5.12 Duplicate information regarding temperature range required.